Corporate mobilization with regard to GHGs
French companies showed themselves to be ahead of the game by carrying out the first GHG emissions inventories in the early 2000s. Companies of all sizes are today well-versed in this exercise, conscious of both how challenging and yet how useful it is to determine the GHG emissions related to their business activity.
Whether mandatory or not, and whether for large or small companies, there is an urgent need to act.
Knowing your emissions enables you to target your actions more precisely.
There are support measures for companies wishing to reduce their emissions.
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and mainly those of CO2, reflect the dependence of our activities on the use of fossil fuels. In order to prepare French companies for an economy in which energy will become increasingly expensive, it is important to enable them to analyze their own dependence.
To be efficient, this analysis must be sufficiently broad to enable company bosses to obtain a precise overview of the "carbon vulnerability" of their activity.
Inventories for organizations
You will find on this site all the information you need to support you with your GHG Inventory approach from start to finish:
Consult emission factors online (login required)
Download all emission factors (login and license required)
Consult the associated documentation online (login required)
Download the associated documentation (login required)
Below are presented exercises that have a more or less direct link with carbon accounting, particularly concerning the collection of data or the use of emission factors.
A certain number of points presented below will be affected by the Government bill concerning Energy transition.
Regulations and procedure
To achieve the national objectives in terms of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, a set of provisions has been put in place. Below are presented exercises with a more or less direct link with carbon accounting, particularly concerning the collection of data and the use of emission factors.
Regulatory GHG inventories (article 75)C02 information for transport services and C02 objective Energy audit for businesses EU-ETS European quotas marketTerritorial Climate & Energy Plan (PCET) Environmental labeling of general consumer products
Other environmental assessment procedures
The French Ministry for Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy (MEDDE) and the Agency for Environment and Energy Management (ADEME), in consultation with the professional organizations, have drafted "the voluntary charter of commitments for the reduction of CO2 emissions" called Objective CO2. Launched officially in December 2008, the charter is part of a global approach to combating climate change, and more precisely to reducing CO2 emissions (mainly, greenhouse gases). By the same token, it is also intended to help road freight transport and passenger road transport companies to reduce their fuel consumption and in this way keep down their fuel costs.
This approach allows these companies to commit over 3 years to a concrete and tailored action plan with a view to cutting back on their fuel consumption and consequently reducing their CO2 emissions.
- organization of transport flows (freight transport by road) or organization and management (passenger transport by road)
To find out more, go to the Objective CO2 site: http://www.objectifco2.fr
Environmental labeling of general consumer products
The Grenelle Environment conference, through commitment 217, determined the generalized application of environmental labeling for products and services.
The environmental labeling of products concerns the environmental impact generated by a product throughout its life cycle. It will enable consumers:
- to take account of this information in their purchasing decision criteria;
- to compare products within the same category, or else between different categories of products.
This mechanism will also encourage companies to initiate eco-design procedures for their products in order to reduce the impact of their products on the environment.
Thanks to the harmonization of environmental labeling, information on products will therefore be comparable at the same point of sale or even between different points of sale.
This labeling must relate to the product / packaging pairing, be based on a multi-criteria approach and take into consideration the entire product life cycle. The climate change indicator is mandatory in the chosen methodology, and the database enabling the environmental impact to be calculated will be available in the first half of 2013.
Following amendment to the publication of the "Grenelle 1 Act" followed by the amendment to the "Grenelle 2 Act" (Article 228), it was decided to carry out a national one-year experiment starting on 1 July 2011 prior to envisaging the general roll-out of the procedure. The government report issuing from this experiment: "concludes therefore that there is the need, pending the advent of an EU mechanism, to initiate an approach that is both proactive and progressive, consistent at European level, compatible with the rules of international trade and based on methodological frameworks developed over five years by the French standards association, AFNOR, and the environment agency, ADEME. Philippe Martin also declared: "Hand-in-hand with proactive companies, the Government will continue to improve environmental labeling, with the intention of achieving by 2020 a simple mechanism that is useful for consumers and which enables manufacturers to move forward with the eco-design of their products."
From a technical point of view, 24 category frameworks have been adopted by the ADEME / AFNOR platform and cover product categories such as food, clothing textiles, furnishings, sports goods, etc. The BP X30-323-0 horizontal framework was revised in 2014 in order to be aligned with European requirements. The Base IMPACTS® database used for making calculations is now available for the initial sectors and will continue to grow over time. Lastly, calculation tools for TVs and shoes are also proposed by ADEME. The European Commission has also, moreover, initiated testing in order to develop rules per product category. This testing will be completed in 2016. The work developed by France is pooled in order to ensure consistency between these two initiatives.
To find out more, please visit the following sites: